القائمة الرئيسية


 Who are the legal heirs,

Who are the legal heirs,

the inheritors :

 * The issue of heirs is considered one of the matters that cause concern and problems for people who are ignorant of its details, it is necessary to know the basic matters in inheritance science, which is a science that examines the distribution of the deceased person’s money among the legal heirs who are determined by the religion, and scholars make clear that entitlement to the inheritance does not have only one way.  Rather, it is subject to two methods, if the shares are assessed or not.

 Legal heirs:

 * Their number is twenty-five heirs of females and males if we want to detail, but if we mean the total, they are seventeen: the male heirs are: the boy, the son of the son, the father, the grandfather, the brother, brother of the father, brother to the mother, the son of the brother, brother, son of the brother to the father  Brother, uncle, paternal uncle, brotherly cousin, paternal cousin and husband.  Female heirs: the daughter, the daughter of the son, the mother, the wife, the grandmother, the full sister, the sister to the father and the sister to the mother.

 Their ranks in inheritance:

 * When dividing the inheritance, it begins with the legal heirs, regardless of whether they are hypotheses or a clique, and the ranks of the heirs begin: with the hypotheses.  And those of the league.  If there is no one of the family members, i.e. there is a person who has a hypothesis, then the rest is returned to the hypotheses with the exception of the spouses, but in the absence of the owners of the hypotheses and the gang, but there were relatives of those with womb, such as the maternal uncle, aunt, aunt, the son of the daughter and the daughter of the daughter, they inherit according to the fourth paragraph of the law  The family, and this is what the Hanafi and Hanbali authorities did.

 * In the event that there is no imposition - with the exception of one of the spouses - nor a clique or relatives, then he returns to that husband or wife, but if there is no inheritor for the deceased at all, the will is executed in more than a third and this is what the Hanbalis and the Hanafis have done, and resort to the house of Muslims' money  in the end.  The method of inheritance Inheritance by imposition came in the Noble Qur’an in the verses of inheritance a group of heirs and determined the amount of their shares. The scholars named this category of heirs who have hypotheses, and they are each person who specified the amount of his inheritance among the heirs according to Sharia, that is, specified by a part.  The owners of the hypotheses numbered 12 people, of whom four were the father, the grandfather, the husband, the brother to the mother, and the full brother.

 * As for the hypotheses of women, they number eight: the daughter, the daughter of the son, the mother, the grandmother, the wife, the full sister, the sister to the father, the sister to the mother.  The estimated assumptions mentioned by God Almighty in the Noble Qur’an in the verses of the inheritance, which are six hypotheses that are divided into two groups: The first group: which is the half, the quarter and the price, and is characterized by the overlapping of their two positions. These assumptions are known in two ways: the perversion, meaning: half, half of it, a quarter, and half of half the price.  As for the second method, it is the method of promotion, and it means: the price, its weakness by one quarter, and its double by half.  The second group is: they are one third, two thirds and one sixth.  It is also overlapping.  Drooping method: two-thirds, half the third and half the sixth.  By the method of promotion: the sixth, its weak by one third, and its double by two thirds.
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