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 Who was the first to utter poetry

Who was the first to utter poetry



The first to utter poetry:




 * It is said that the first person who uttered poetry was Adam, peace be upon him, as mentioned by Ibn Jarir al-Tabari in his interpretation of Ali, may God be pleased with him, who said: “When Cain killed his brother Abel, he cried, and Adam, peace be upon him, was terrified and saddened by his loss and inherited it with poetry attributed to him, which is this poetry. He said:



 


“The country has changed from it, and the face of the earth is dusty and ugly, it has changed everything with taste and color, and it has changed with a bright face, and its people have replaced it with a mole and shrouded gardens of Al-Farjus, and there is an enemy next to us that does not forget, because he does not die, so we rest and kill Cain, Abel, his brother.  The shrine included it. I see the length of my life in clouds, and I am not relieved in my life. I said:




 


“It is not hidden what is in this poetry of the strongest, and it contradicts the rhyme in the parsing, for some of it is the nominative and some of it is dragged.” Many scholars attributed this poetry to Ibn Abbas because Adam, peace be upon him, was one of the prophets and prophets were forbidden from poetry, and in the biography of Ibn Hisham, some scholars told me  In the tenths, these verses are the first poetry said in the Arabs, and that they were found written in a stone in Yemen, and the one who said them was not named to me, and they are these:






 “O people, walk, if your intention is to wake up one day. Do not walk us. Urge the stride and relax from its crisis before death and spend what you spend on us. We were people as you were, so we changed an age, so you are as we used to be.” Ibn Ishaq attributed it to Amr bin Al-Harith bin Madad Al-Akbar, and he is the author of the verses, the beginning of which is his saying:  As if among the pilgrims to al-Safa there was not Anis, nor Samar in Makkah, but Samer.  Then deluxe.






 * It was mentioned that Imru’ al-Qays was the first to refer to poems and mention the facts. As for the Arabs, they used to have a few verses of poetry that the person would say when needing, or when condoling, or in his history. The first Arabs had nothing but verses that a man said in his need, his condolences, his history, and other things. It is said that during the era of Abd al-Muttalib and Hashem  Bin Abd Manaf Poetry, poets and orators began to spread widely in addition to the spread of long poems and poems until poetry became like a religion they were proud of and attributed to him until the Messenger of God, peace and blessings be upon him, came with the eternal miracle, namely the Holy Qur’an, who opposed it, so they were unable to come up with the Qur’an with its eloquence and eloquence to come up with something similar to shorter  Surah Minh.





 * Imru’ al-Qays is considered the first to have good and kind meanings. He described women as antelope, oryx and eggs, and stood on the sidelines. Ali said about Imru’ al-Qays: “I saw him the best of poets because he said what they did not say, and the best of them was rare and preceded by a gesture. He did not say poetry for desire or fear.” The scholars said about Imru’ al-Qays  He is one of the most famous poets of the pre-Islamic era, and he preceded things, so the poets favored him and followed him in it. It has been said that the four poets are: Imru’ al-Qays, Tarfa, al-Nabigha, Muhalhal ibn Rabi’ah, who is considered the first to be the most gentle of poetry and elegies, and he lied in his poetry.  And poetry has layers that scholars mentioned in this regard in their books, but he is called a poet because he feels what no one else feels except God.





 Poetry among the Arabs:





 Poetry is one of the manners that Arabs sing the most, as it is considered a symbol of their ability to praise, describe and sing of things or even people around them through a group of short or long poetic verses;  to form in the end what is called the poem;  The narrations differed about the first person who said poetry in history, and the sayings and opinions differed, so we will discuss here the discussion about the first who said poetry.  The first person to say poetry was asked the Commander of the Faithful, Ali bin Abi Talib - peace be upon him - and he replied:





 The first to say poetry is our master Adam - peace be upon him - the first creature on this earth, as Adam said while mourning his son Abel when his brother Cain killed him: And there is an enemy next to us that does not perish.  Satan said: Retreat from the gardens and their dwellers, for in Paradise the spaciousness of Paradise narrowed you, and you were in it and your family in prosperity, and your concern about the harm of the world was comfortable, so you did not continue to suffer and deceive me until you missed the profit, and if it were not for the mercy of the Most Merciful, your palm would have gone from the gardens of eternity with a wind.  Prophets do not say poetry,





 And in the stories of our master Adam he did not mention that, and each of them has a narration. There are many narrations for the first to say poetry. Some Arabs and writers said that the first to say poetry was Al-Anbar bin Tamim, so the synonym of the word poetry was (their gospels) in the days of our master Omar Ibn Al-Khattab - may God be pleased with him.  May God be pleased with him - and when Omar Ibn Al-Khattab asked Ka’b Al-Ahbar whether he had found a mention of poetry in the holy books, Ka’b replied: “We have found mention of people whose Gospels are in their chests that only the Arabs teach.”





 Hair items:




 * Poetry is a school that delves into its depths, finding the most beautiful meanings and descriptions of what it wants, and its purposes are numerous, including lamentation, love, praise, admonition, spinning, and others. These words were extracted from old books that simulate the stories of those who went before us, and left us these words that we cannot explain in our time, and they are  many of them ragged bin Rabia, nicknamed Balzar, who traded his story a lot of television, wherein the most beautiful verses and meanings and description for each moment, Zeer said: My Eyes presence with tears Alsoavh on Knight knights in all shook hands with my eyes that corruptible tears Vookava blood Parfdad when Noah Alnoaih not Tbekaan achieving the desired objectives  At a scene that provokes with the knights soaking al-Abtah





 Nabati poetry Nabati poetry is one of the popular literary arts in common use in the Arabian Peninsula. It is a type of poetry that the poet addresses to the general public.  This is due to its use of colloquial Arabic as an alternative to classical Arabic and the difficulty and abundance of words it contains, and despite the many criticisms directed at this type of poetry - including that this type of poetry was found to eliminate the classical Arabic language - it has developed and gained a good place among the types of poetry.  It was found that Nabati poetry uses the rules and principles of classical Arabic poetry.





 Characteristics of Nabati poetry:




 * It is Arabic poetry with a melody, full of sounds and colloquial vocabulary commonly used, and it is one of the most famous types of non-eloquent poetry among Arabs, and it is called by several names, including: popular poetry, Malhoun, Hamini, Bedouin, and colloquial.  Nomenclature Opinions differ about the reason for calling Nabati poetry by this name. The following are some opinions that revolve around the reason for the name:




 * The first opinion: It is the one who attributes the reason for naming Nabati poetry to the Nabataeans, and it is said that this opinion is wrong for the following reasons: Nabati poetry is Arabic poetry in its vocabulary, poetic seas, and weights.  the absence of poetry or poets of the Nabataeans;  Because their writings were Aramaic.  The origin of Nabati poetry goes back to the Arabian Peninsula.




 * The second opinion: It is the opinion that the first person to say Nabati poetry is (the Nabataean) from the well-known Arab tribe, and it was mentioned in the book Kenz Al-Ansab by the writer Hamad bin Ibrahim Al-Hugail.  The third opinion: It is the opinion that says that the reason for the name goes back to Wadi (Nabta), which is located near Medina, but it is an opinion that is not supported by sufficient evidence to prove its validity.  Nabati poets.





 The following are the most important Nabati poets:




 * Safi al-Din al-Hilli: He is Abd al-Aziz ibn Saraya ibn Ali ibn Abi Qasim al-Sanabsi al-Tai, born in Kufa in Iraq.  Abu Hamza al-Amiri: He is considered one of the oldest poets of Nabati poetry in the Arabian Peninsula, and he is a Bedouin of the Arabian Peninsula.  Ja'in al-Yazidi: He is from the people of Jaza'a in Wadi Hanifa, and he lived in the sixteenth century AD.

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