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Who is the poet of the two countries

Who is the poet of the two countries?

 

Khalil Mutran, poet of the two countries:



 The poet of the two countries is Khalil bin Abdo bin Youssef bin Ibrahim bin Mikhael Mutran. He was born in 1871 AD in Baalbek, Lebanon. He completed his primary studies at the Oriental College in Zahle, then moved to the Greek Catholic Patriarchal School in Beirut, where he studied grammar, eloquence, literature, and the French language.  .  He moved to Paris and then settled in Egypt;  That is why he was called the Poet of the Two Countries, and on March 30, 1947, a literary festival was held for him at the Royal Opera House, then a series of festivals took place in various Arab and American countries.





 The Committee for Honoring the Poet of the Arab Countries has published a book called The Golden Book.  All the poems and speeches he gave in his festival series were collected in it, and in the same year the Lebanese government presented him with the Lebanese Order of Merit.  Khalil Mutran died in Cairo in 1949.  His life in Egypt, a bishop settled in Egypt, and there he edited Al-Ahram newspaper for several years, then established the Egyptian magazine and the Egyptian newspaper Al-Jawa’ib, which lasted for four years.  It is noteworthy that the bishop was loving and peaceful.






 * The first poetry collection:




 The first edition of Khalil Mutran’s Diwan was issued during his lifetime, and Mutran mentioned that the Diwan did not include all of his possessions, so the Foundation of the Abdul Aziz Saud Al-Babtani Prize for Poetic Creativity decided during its honoring of Mutran to reprint the Diwan to include all his products, whether in the pages of newspapers or magazines,  I commissioned Dr. Ahmad Darwish, who is a lover of Metropolitan, to carry out this work, and he performed it to the fullest.





 Mutran surpassed both Hafez Ibrahim and Ahmad Shawqi in his social poems, in which he dealt with many topics, fighting against social and moral corruption.




 Mutran had the most interest in writing fiction, without other poets.  Fashaarith opened new horizons for us in the world of Arabic poetry.  Where poetry was an outlet for him to express his human feelings and his passionate affection for human beings.  It is with deep sadness that you would like to hear him when the courtyards raced to hear him recite the following verses:






 "My heart broke, O Zaman, with her engagement. Let you be the most tragic for a bride of a year who was not killed, and if you wished, she was not struck with a dash and cut off, so he slept on the cradle of the slumber, and my eyelids fell asleep, and my eyelids fell into a dormitory, and she was a spring to me, so I fed my quarters from the cast and the melodious screeching."



 In these previous verses, Metropolitan tells the story of the beggar Awada who died a year after her marriage, and the poem was titled “Wafa” and that such poetry is done out of a sincere feeling of sharing in prosperity and sorrow, and he wrote a lot in this field for the story of “The Martyr Fetus” and “The Suicide.”  ) and (The Apparent Child).





 On the other hand, there is another aspect that the poet enjoys, which is bright and salty aspects in which he perfected the humor in terms of high-end true humor as a story (In the statement is a magic) which tells the story of a poet of sweet talk, the magician of the statement. I forbade girls to listen to him,






 Dr. Michel Juha, the Lebanese writer who published a study on Khalil Mutran, pointed out that Shawqi, Hafez and Mutran represent the contemporary poetic trinity that reminds us of the Umayyad Trinity: Al-Akhtal, Jarir and Al-Farazdaq, which preceded it by more than twelve centuries.  They are close, and in many cases they composed poetry on single occasions, but Khalil Mutran remains the pioneer of modern poetry.





 As the poet Salih Jawdat said about him, "He is the truest Arab poets in representing Arab nationalism."





 Taha Hussein expressed his opinion on the poetry of Mutran while addressing him, saying, “You are the leader of contemporary Arab poetry, and the master of contemporary Arab poets, and you protected the “Hafiz” from being extravagant in the governorate until his poetry shrieked like the hadith of the sleepers, and you protected “My Shawqi” from beingexcessivelyre

 . Until his hair becomes like a frantic delirium."




 As Muhammad Husayn Heikal said about him, “A metropolitan lived for the present in the present and attracted his generation to make him present as well. His poetry, style, and thinking are all a life in which the memory resounds and vitality is magnified. That is why you see them when they talk about a metropolitan, they talk about poetry and renewal in it.”

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